Cloud Robotics Robots have always been limited to getting their “intelligence” from onboard computation, memory, and programming. In 2010, James Kuffner at Google introduced the term “Cloud Robotics” to describe a new approach to robotics that takes advantage of the Internet as a resource for massively parallel computation and sharing of vast data resources. Examples: The Google autonomous driving project exemplifies this approach: the system indexes maps and images that are collected and updated by satellite, Streetview, and crowdsourcing to facilitate accurate localization. Another example is Kiva Systems new approach to warehouse automation and logistics using large numbers of mobile platforms to move pallets using a local network to coordinate planforms and update tracking data. These are just two new projects that build on resources from the Cloud.